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Sources for “Federal Nutrition Programs Reduce Hunger and Promote Learning,” Jan, 2023:


  1. Feeding America: Map the Meal Gap, New York. 2020. Accessed: January 26, 2023.
  2. Hunger Solutions New York. Healthy School Meals for All NY Kids Policy Proposal. August 2022. Accessed: January 26, 2023.
  3. Qiu L. New York Times. Families Struggle as Pandemic Program Offering Free School Meals Ends. January 22, 2023. Accessed: January 26, 2023.
  4. Hanks Q, Hartline-Grafton H, Johnson E. Research Brief: The Connections Between Food Insecurity, the Federal Nutrition Programs, and Student Behavior. Food Research and Action Center. 2018. Accessed: January 26, 2023.
  5. Food Research & Action Center. Benefits of School Lunch. Accessed: January 26, 2023.
  6. Cook J, Jeng K. Child Food Insecurity: The Economic Impact on our Nation. Feeding America.2007:36. Accessed: January 16, 2023.
  7. Shankar P, Chung R, Frank DA. Association of Food Insecurity with Children’s Behavioral,Emotional, and Academic Outcomes: A Systematic Review. J Dev Behav Pediatr.2017;38(2):135-150. doi:10.1097/DBP.0000000000000383
  8. Thomas MMC, Miller DP, Morrissey TW. Food Insecurity and Child Health. Pediatrics. 2019;144(4):e20190397. doi:10.1542/peds.2019-0397